Hummingbird Photography:  A 6 Step Guide with Hummingbird Photo Tips

Hummingbird Photography: A 6 Step Guide with Hummingbird Photo Tips

Hummingbirds are one of those incredible marvels of nature that seem to make everyone smile in wonder. These amazing flying jewels zip and dart around like god’s own miniature UFOs leaving a trail of excited and happy people behind them.  Being a shutterbug, I had occasionally tried to photograph them over the years… but with less than impressive results.   One spring day a hummer flew up to me while I was in the backyard, hovered 3 feet in front of my nose and took a good long look at me before she scooted off.  Right then I decided that my next goal in photography would be to learn how to take a decent photo of these little marvels.  It turned out to be more challenging than anticipated, but I’ve come up with a system that works for me.   I’ll share what I’ve learned with you in this article.

First of all, there are two basic ways you can try to photograph hummingbirds.

The first method is to get a chair, set it up near a Hummingbird feeder or flowering plant, put on a long telephoto lens on your camera and go for it.  This is how I started out and it can get nice results, especially if you like to shoot perched birds (this link will take you to great article that has tips on how to use this system). 

Handheld shots of perched hummers can yield beautiful results. I shot this Antillean Crested Hummingbird on the Caribbean Island of St. Lucia with a Nikkor 70-200 f/2.8 with a 1.4 tele-converter mounted on a Nikon D500

However, if you want to shoot hummingbirds in flight, then it is difficult to get full frame, well exposed, perfectly focused shots this way.  Not impossible, but my success rate was pretty pathetic…which motivated me to develop the system described below. 

My 6 step system for photographing hummingbirds in flight:

STEP 1:  Come to America 🙂

The Ruby-throated hummingbird is the only species I usually see at my home in Florida, but I’m lucky that it is a beautiful photographic subject!

First of all, you have to be where the Hummingbirds are. If you are in Europe, Asia, Africa, or Australia, then sorry, but you are out of luck.  Hummingbirds are only found in the Western Hemisphere.  Their range extends from Alaska to the tip of Chile during the summer but they do migrate to warmer locations during winter.

Central America is ‘ground-zero’ for hummingbird photography.  Some countries, like Costa Rica have over 50 species of hummers.  The further from Central America you travel, the fewer species you will find.   

But the good news is that if you live nearly anywhere in the western hemisphere, hummers are probably nearby.  Even if you live in an urban area and have never seen a hummingbird near your home, I’ll bet you can attract them with a tad of effort.

STEP 2:  Invite the Hummingbirds to your party (Make them come to you!)

You can grab your camera, put on your hat and hike around gardens looking for hummingbirds…but I’ve found that it is a lot more productive to set out a feeder and simply let them come to you.

There are dozens of feeders available and the article attached to this link provides an excellent recap of features you should look for in a feeder as well as what type of nectar you will want to have.  You can also plant hummingbird attracting flowers in your yard…but if you really just want to take photos, a feeder will likely bring in all the hummers you need.  My favorite feeder is inexpensive, easy to clean and its low silhouette doesn’t block the birds when photographing.

An important note:  Keep the feeder clean and replace the nectar every few days!  You also need to wash the feeder at least a couple times per week (more often if it is in direct sun).  The nectar can breed bacteria quickly and if it does, the hummers will know and they will avoid your feeder like the plague.  Seriously…you can waste a lot of time watching a feeder that hummers have no interest in because they know the nectar is spoiled. Also, once you mix up a batch of sugar water, use it within a couple of weeks…even if refrigerated, it can go bad that quickly (I learned this one the hard way).

STEP 3: Get the right Equipment

There is no way around it…to take world class hummingbird photos, you have to have the right tools.  Fortunately, some of the stuff is cheap and there’s a good chance that you already have some of the more expensive items.


This is the one area where most folks will have to shell out some money because the most important equipment for killer hummingbird shots are your flashes (yes, plural).   Two flashes are really the absolute minimum for good shots and three flashes will allow you to take best-in-class photos.  Some folks use as many as eight flashes, but there are diminishing returns once you get past three.

So, why so many flashes?

  1. Two distinguishing hummingbird characteristics are that they are small and they are fast.  If you shoot without flash, you can compensate for one or the other of these characteristics, but rarely for both.
    • Unless you are satisfied with shots that show the wings as a total blur, you are going to need exposures that are between 1/1000 sec to 1/10,000 of a sec (yes…that is one ten thousandth of a second!). The problem is that if you set your shutter speed that high, you will have to open your lens aperture up wide…which unfortunately will minimize your depth of field (DOF) resulting in most of the hummer being out of focus.
    • On the other hand, if you reduce your aperture (to increase your DOF and keep the whole bird in focus), you will have to reduce your shutter speed to the point that the wings will seem to nearly disappear, which isn’t an attractive look to many folks.
  2. You want the hummer to ‘sparkle.’   Hummingbirds get their ‘jewel-like” quality from the iridescence in their feathers.  If you use only a single source of light, then the iridescent effect can appear flat or irregular.  For an in-depth review of this topic you can see this link, otherwise, just trust me that a second flash will put your hummer photos into a whole new category.
  3. Hummingbird Heaven: A 5 Step Guide with Hummingbird Photo Tips
    Without a flash dedicated to the background, your hummer will look like she was out after curfew!

    If your flashes are all pointed directly at the hummer, you will notice that your photos look like they were taken at night (see photo to the right).  It actually looks pretty neat but if you want photos that look like they were taken during the day, you will need at least one more flash specifically to illuminate the background.

Hummingbird Heaven: Six Step Guide to Hummingbird Photography: Hummingbird Photo tips
Now, isn’t that better?! A background flash will allow your hummer to look like she is out enjoying a sunny day! (Click on photo to see it in full resolution)

How should I set up my flashes?

This aspect of hummingbird photography can get very technical and frankly, there are multiple systems and techniques you can use to successfully illuminate your photo.  I’ve tried most of them and I’m going to tell you the system I use.  It is relatively inexpensive, it is simple and it works.

  • Commander/Slave
    • More than likely, your DSLR’s pop-up flash (or an external flash mounted to your camera’s hot shoe) can be set up so it will wirelessly and automatically trigger your other, off-camera flashes (the flash on the camera is called the ‘master’ (Canon) or the ‘commander’ (Nikon) and the other flashes are called ‘slaves’).  I have a Nikon and this system works flawlessly (I’m going to assume that the similar systems used by other major manufacturers are also effective).
    • It seems every camera/flash combo is different, so I’d suggest you do a quick google search (or, God-forbid, read your manual:) to see how to set up your particular system.  If you own a Nikon system, take a look at this article by Ken Rockwell which clearly explains how to use a Commander/Slave set-up.
    • Important Point:  If your camera’s pop-up flash isn’t able to be used as a ‘commander’ you will have to buy a separate flash for that purpose.
    • NOT ALL EXTERNAL FLASHES HAVE THE ABILITY TO BE A COMMANDER…so you need to confirm this before you buy one.
    • A money saving hint:  Your ‘slave’ flashes do not have to be top-of-the-line models made by the same company that made your camera.  I picked up my slaves second hand on eBay.
  • High Speed Sync Mode
    • Another thing you are going to want to do is set up your camera on auto high speed flash sync.  This is because most cameras are limited to a max sync flash speed of 1/250 (which is way too slow for most hummer shots).  By using the high speed flash sync mode, you will be able to use much faster shutter speeds.  Personally, I found this topic very confusing until I read a great blog by Darrell Young.  This link will take you to this insightful article.
    • To be honest, mastering High Speed Sync was the single most frustrating technical issue I had.  I seemed that sometimes I could get the Commander/Slave system to work, but then I couldn’t take shots faster than 1/320th.  Other times, it was just the opposite!  It wasn’t until I read this article by John Adkins, that I understood the problem.  Here is the solution (for Nikon anyway)
      • On the back of your Nikon, hit the
        • Mode button, then arrow down to the
        • Custom Setting Menu then arrow down to and select
        • e Bracketing/flash  then scroll down to and select
        • e3 Flash control for built-in Flash  then scroll down and select
        • Commander Mode the under the
        • Built-in flash, change the output mode to “–”   then
          • Change the Mode under Group A to “TTL”
            • Your speedlights will also need to be set on Group A
          • Finally, change Channel to “3” and set your speedlights to channel “3” also.
      • After I did this, I had no more problems.

Flash Stands

1/8000 sec, ISO 140/ f/29, Nikon D800E/Nikkor 105 Macro lens

Flash stands will allow you to precisely position your speedlites/strobes.  I got a couple of these inexpensive stands  from Amazon for less than $30 each that get the job done just fine.  Just make sure that your stand will allow you to get the flash at least 6 feet off the ground and have wide, stable bases..

Wireless Remote Shutter Release

For me personally, a wireless shutter release is the second most important piece of equipment for taking quality hummingbird shots.  The use of a wireless remote allows you to set your camera up very close to the feeder and trigger the shutter from far enough away that small movements on your part won’t scare the hummers

Initially I used a remote shutter unit that connected to my camera with a cable, but my cable was only 3 feet long, so I still needed to stay pretty close to the camera.   That meant I had to sit perfectly still or shoot hummers from a blind.  You might be able to find a remote with a long cord but trust me, a wireless shutter release for photographing hummers is a godsend.  Most of them are cheap (Amazon has a couple units for less than 20 bucks that fit many cameras).

I’ve taken most of my hummingbird photos while comfortably seated in my air-conditioned office about 15 feet from the feeder.  Usually I just glance thru my window every couple of minutes to see if a hummer is visiting  (who says you can’t do two things at once?). This sure beats hiding in a cramped blind in the Florida heat fighting off mosquitoes!


One of my biggest ‘ah-ha’ moments was realising that you don’t need a telephoto lens to take great hummingbird shots.  If you have a $10K 600mm 2.8 lens, then by all means, use it.  However hummers quickly grow tolerant of tripods and cameras placed close to the feeder.

Ideally, you want a lens that is fast, sharp and can focus close to the camera.  My best shots have been taken with a 105mm Nikon Micro lens…which is fast (f2.8), insanely sharp and can focus at subjects within a couple feet.  However,  I’ve also used much cheaper ‘prosumer’ lenses and gotten fine results.   The bottom line is that the ability to shoot very close to hummingbirds means that you can get pro quality results without pro quality glass.

A huge challenge is depth of field (DOF).  Hummers are only about 3 inches long, so we aren’t talking about a huge amount of space…but you might be surprised how shallow your depth of field is, even when using your smallest aperture. For example, the DOF for my 105mm is only about 3 inches deep when set up 30″ away with the aperture set at f25! Since most hummers are only a few inches long, keeping the whole bird in focus takes some practice.

Important Tip:   You can waste a LOT of time taking photos that have only part of the hummer focused unless you take the time to figure out your DOF ahead of time.  If you don’t have a DOF calculator, there are a couple great ones available for your smartphone.  The app I use cost $2 and is easy to operate and understand.

Female Ruby-Throated Hummingbird with ant in beak
Harriett’s Breakfast (click for full resolution)


Some folks photograph hummers hand-held.  God bless them…those folks must have incredible patience.  But for me, hand-held hummingbird photography is often frustrating and unproductive.

Mounting your camera on a tripod will dramatically increase your percentage of great photos:

1)  You will able to pre-calculate your DOF and prefocus your lens on the EXACT spot where the bird will be.  Which means that many/most of your shots will be perfectly focused and the entire hummer will be sharp.

2)  You can set up your camera very close to the hummers.  This will allow you avoid cropping.  In other words, you will maximize your resolution and sharpness by using nearly all of your sensor.

3)  Hummers, are usually not very tolerant of movement close to their feeder.  Even the slight movement of lifting your camera a couple inches while you are seated ten feet away will often scare them off.  However, if your camera is on a tripod and you are using a remote shutter release, they won’t see any motion.


As long as your camera has a ‘hot shoe” or has a pop-up flash that can serve as a commander, then you should be good to go.  Nearly any high quality DSLR should work.


You will want to set up a backdrop behind your feeder to avoid the ‘night-time’ look I mentioned before.  I use a piece of posterboard that I painted a nice sky blue.  You can also try spray-painting hazy patterns that imitate an attractive bokeh in the background of your shot.

Your backdrop won’t have to be very large.  For my current set-up, a 24″ x 12″ backdrop completely fills up the background in my photos.  Yours will likely need a somewhat different size depending on your camera/lens combo.

Flower Props

Shots of hummers flying with nothing else in the frame start looking kind of stark, so I like to include some flowers in the same plane of focus as the hummer.  Use local plants, especially ones the hummers feed on if possible.   If you don’t have some in your yard you can cut, just pick up some at your local nursery or home improvement store.

STEP 4:  Set the Stage.

A 4 Step Guide with Hummingbird photo tips
Diagram 1: Hummingbird Photo Studio

Basically, you are going to set up an outdoor photo studio in which you control all aspects of the photograph.

A 5 step buide with Hummingbird photo tips
Diagram 2: Photo of my Hummingbird Studio

The Feeder

Hummingbird Photo tips
Diagram 3: Feeder detail

Hummingbirds really don’t care where you put the feeder, they will find it and flock to it.  So, find a location that is perfect for YOU.

  • I like to put my feeder on the porch, that way my camera won’t get wet when it rains (happens a lot here during Florida summers).  
  • Put the feeder in a shady location.  This way the food won’t spoil quickly and and it will ensure that you control the light (with your flashes)
  • Attach cut flowers (I particularly like orchids) to the feeder so they will appear in the photo.
  • You can also put potted plants and/or flowers on a stand slightly behind the feeder out of the prefocus area…they will be a bit blurry which will add a nice sense of depth.
  • Put masking tape over all the feeding holes except the one you want the birds to use.  This ensures that when they come to feed, they will do so at exactly the location you want them to (more about this later).
  • Next modify your feeder by removing the ‘foot rests’ in front of the hole you left open (this way you get shots of hummers flying, not standing on the plastic foot rests.)
  • When I’m not photographing, I leave my feeder hanging by the supplied hook .  However, when it is time to photograph, I place the feeder on a piece of PCV and remove the hook (see Diagram 3).  This way there is nothing over the feeder that will be in the photo except the hummer and any flowers that I might be using as props.
  • One last thing, if you have multiple feeders, take down all of them except the one you are actually photographing.  Why give your models any reason to go anywhere else?
  • A sneaky trick:  Put the stem of a flower of your choice in the feeding hole you left open and then put a bit of nectar into the flower with an eyedropper or a syringe.  Since the hummers will become conditioned to come to that particular feeding hole, the next time they come back, they usually adapt quickly and try the flower.  Now you will be able to get killer shots of a hummer feeding from a flower, rather than from your feeder.

The Flashes

Positioning of your flashes is one of most critical decisions you will make.  Trial and error is the key, but my preference is to set up two flashes about 45 degrees from one another with one flash shooting up at the hummer and the other shooting down.  I also set  these two flashes so that neither one of them is pointing directly at the posterboard background …this will prevent them from throwing shadows from the bird or flower props onto the posterboard (See diagram 1).

The flashes need to be CLOSE to the feeder.  I often set them up within two feet of the feeder.  This is necessary because as you increase your shutter speed, the amount of illumination in your shots will be progressively reduced.

Some hummingbird species (like the Ruby-Thoated I often photograph) have white underbellies so I typically use a diffuser on the flash shooting from below the bird…this helps soften the flash so the highlights don’t get  ‘blown-out.’  However, I usually don’t use a diffuser on the flash that is shooting down..this helps make the iridescent feathers on top of the hummer ‘sparkle.’  

The third flash will be positioned close to the posterboard shooting from the side.  By placing the flash off to the side, the backboard will be more illuminated on one side than the other…I find this to be an attractive look since it simulates the effect of the ‘sun’ brightening part of the ‘sky.’  However, if this isn’t appealing to you, adding another flash on the other side of your backdrop will even out illumination (but now you are up to 4 flashes!)


The backdrop/posterboard

1/8000 sec, ISO 200/ f/22, Nikon D800E/Nikkor 105 Macro lens

You want to position the posterboard far enough behind the feeder so that it is completely out-of-focus, but not so far that it is too dark in your photograph.  I typically set it about 30″ behind the feeder but your distance will depend on your lens and the aperture you select.

The Camera

  • I position my camera tripod at about a 90 degree angle from the flashes (see diagram 1).
  • Shoot in Raw, not jpeg.  Often I have to underexpose my shots because of the combination of a fast shutter but small aperture.  Shooting in Raw will allow you to boost the exposure in postprocessing.
  • Switch off the Vibration Reduction
  • Turn off the autofocus.
  • Select Manual Mode on the camera
  • Prefocus.  In the diagrams in this blog, I use the spot where the hummer usually ‘hovers’ after taking a sip but you can also select the feeding hole.
    • I just hold my hand in the exact spot I want to photograph the hummer and manually focus on it using Live View.
    • If you want to learn more about using your camera’s Live View function, this article by Ian Plant is a great start.
  • Play with your ISO to find the lowest setting you can use and still be able to increase the exposure in post production without excessive noise.  With my current Nikon full frame camera, I use an ISO 2oo or so.
  • Set your aperture to the setting you selected after reviewing your DOF (see Lens section above)
  • Set your camera speed.  I can tell you that even at 1/5000 of a second, you will still see movement in the wings (you need nearly 1/10,000 of a second to totally freeze those little wings).  However, I actually like to see some wing blur, so I usually select either 1/3200 or 1/4000.
  • If you camera has one of those little pre-focus or ‘red-eye’ lamps that illuminate the subject, turn it off.

STEP 4:  Trial Shots

I am always anxious to start shooting in the morning…especially if hummers are already stopping by while I am setting up.   But I’ve learned that it pays to take your time in the morning and take trial shots after you set up to make sure that everything is perfect.  I review the first trial shot for focus, evenness of flash coverage, how my flower ‘props’ look in the frame and then make adjustments and shoot again.  I continue until I can get an absolutely perfect photo.  Then I go and get my coffee, sit in my chair, put my thumb on the remote shuttle release and wait for the party to start!

STEP 5:  Party Time!

  • Hummers have a predictable pattern when dining at your server…Zip In…Slurp…Back Away…Hover…Repeat.   Once you know this pattern, you simply wait for them to fly into the spot you prefocused on and trip the shutter.

    1/8000 sec, ISO 100/ f/29, Nikon D800E/Nikkor 105 Macro lens
  • Take the feeder down at night and don’t set it back out until you are ready to photograph the next morning. The hummers will know when the food is back and you will likely get a rush of activity.  In addition, the first feedings in the morning will be long.  This first rush in the morning is my most productive time for photography.
  • Don’t photograph your hummingbird the first time it hits your feeder.  This way they get a taste of the nectar before you surprise them with the flash.  They may not like the flash, but once they have a taste of that nectar, they will probably put up with it without taking off.
  • As I mentioned hummers don’t like sudden movements, so even if you are a good distance away, move slowly.

STEP 6:  Postproduction

Once I import my shots into Photoshop, I open them in the RAW format and use the following workflow:

  1. Adjust exposure.  Don’t be surprised that the raw, unprocessed images may look quite dark.   That is due to the high shutter speed, low ISO and small aperture.  So the first thing I have to do is increase the exposure (sometimes by nearly 4 stops)
    BEFORE: This is what your raw shot will often look like right out of your camera.


    AFTER: A little work in Photoshop and here is what you will have!


  2. Adjust the shadow slider as needed
  3. Tweak sharpness and luminance to reduce noise
  4. If the background is still too dark, I will put the targeted adjustment cursor on the background and adjust the luminance slider up.  This will lighten the ‘sky’ but not colors in the bird or the flower props (unless they are the same color as your background).

Once I’ve completed the Raw adjustments, I save the file and reopen in regular Photoshop, then:

  1. If there is residual noise in the background of the shot, I cut out the hummingbird and put it on it’s own layer.  I then use the noise filter to clean-up the background layer.  You can also add some Gaussian blur to the background.
  2. I often change the color of the white orchids attached to my feeder to a subtle hue.  Select a hue that contrasts and compliments the color of the sky and the hummer (like in the photo below).

Female Ruby-Throated Hummingbird. Hummingbird Photography: A 6 Step Guide with Hummingbird Photo Tips

Final thoughts:

Although this article is a lot longer than your average blog, it certainly isn’t an exhaustive review of the subject…that would take a full book!  Actually, my goal was pretty modest:   I simply hoped to inspire you to give hummingbird photography a try and explain the basic techniques that would give you a good, solid start.   With a bit of practice and patience you will soon be showing your friends photos that will amaze them.

As your hummingbird photography skills improve and you learn techniques and tips that are not covered in this article, please share your learnings with me by noting them in the comments section at the end of this article (I reserve the right to get better!)

Thanks…now get out there and photograph some hummers!

PS:  A note about the photos you see on this blog:

Unfortunately, I have to reduce the resolution of my photos by 80% when I insert them in this blog.  If you would like to see them in their full glory and resolution, check out my Flickr Hummingbird album.

PSS:  If you want to see great hand-held shots:

Checkout these photos by Dan Ripplinger.   You will be impressed!

PSSS:  Hummingbird Trivia  (Source: Wikipedia, etc.)

  • Hummers get their name because of the humming sound created by their beating wings, which sometimes sounds like bees or other insects.
  • Hummers can fly at speeds exceeding 15 m/s (54 km/h; 34 mph);
  • Hummers are the fastest animal on the planet (if you measure speed in body lengths per second).
  • Hummers are the only group of birds with the ability to fly backwards
  • Hummers have the largest brain, proportionate to their size, of any animal.
  • Hummers in flight have the highest metabolism of all animals (excepting insects), a necessity in order to support the rapid beating of their wings. Their heart rate can reach as high as 1,260 beats per minute.
  • Hummers hover in mid-air by rapidly flapping their wings 12–80 times per second (depending on the species).
  • Hummers consume more than their own weight in nectar each day, and to do so they must visit hundreds of flowers daily.
  • Hummers are continuously hours away from starving to death, and are able to store just enough energy to survive overnight.
  • Hummers are capable of slowing down their metabolism at night or any other time food is not readily available. They enter a hibernation-like state known as torpor.
  • When the nights get colder, their body temperature can drop significantly which slows down their heart and breathing rate, thus burning much less energy overnight. As the day heats back up, the hummingbird’s body temperature will come back up and they resume their normal activity
  • Hummers are among the smallest of birds, most species measuring in the 7.5–13 cm (3–5 in) range. Indeed, the smallest extant bird species is a hummingbird, the 5-cm Bee Hummingbird.
  • Individuals from some species of hummingbirds weigh less than a penny
  • A group of hummingbirds is called a “choir.”

    Purple-throated Carib Hummingbird photographed in the Caribbean

Hummingbird Photo tips

Hummingbird Photography:  A 6 Step Guide with Photo Tips



Related Images:

This Post Has 41 Comments

  1. Hi, I have done a lot of reading and watching videos. I can get my Godox V660ii for my Nikon to work at high shutter speeds however it will only do this in TTL mode and not manual mode. The problem is in manual mode the shutter speed is reduced to 1/250 even when I enable it in the settings to 1/250s (Auto FP). When the flash is set to TTL mode it will work at 1/8000 with no problem except you can only take a single shot, even on low continuous burst speed the flash will only go off on every other shot if you are lucky. Is this acceptable where you set up a staging area and a prefocus area? Does anyone know if the Nikon SB600 SB800 will do a continuous burst of at least 3-5 shots? Thank you in advance, Michael

    1. Hi Michael, I know that my Nikon SB600s need a second or two to recharge after a shot when I am shooting at high shutter speeds. I can’t speak for the SB800s since I haven’t worked with that model.

  2. Hi Jeff, I am new to hummingbird photography and pretty new to photography in general. I have learned a lot from your information on this subject. I do have some questions about flashes. I have a Nikon D500 camera. I have 1 Godox V860ii TTL Li-Ion Flash with a X-Pro Trigger. here is a link to my flash, Will this flash do the job? If so I will add 2 more of the Godox flashes if not what would you recommend? PS. Eventually, I will be going to a Nikon full-frame or mirrorless camera. Thank you, Michael

    1. Hi Michael, I would think that the Godox flashes would work but I’ve never actually worked with one so I can’t be 100% positive. Personally, I use Nikon Speedlight SB-600s. Good luck!

    2. Hi Michael, I’ve never seen the Grodox flashes so I can’t speak to their capability. The description on B&H looks good, but I just don’t know for sure. Sorry I couldn’t be more help! Jeff

  3. I liked when you mentioned how feeders can be a good spot to take hummingbird pictures. I live in an apartment in NY, but if I had a house with a porch in the country, I would enjoy taking bird pictures at home. Photography and birds are two of my favorite things, so I appreciate you shared all these tips, thank you.

  4. Jeff, I’m confused. Sunny day. I’m using a Canon 1D with 17-40 1.4 lens, shoe mounted flash on ETTl (auto) on high speed sync, tripod 30″ from the feeder, manual focus at the feeder. When I use manual settings of speed 8,000, F22, ISO 200 I get total black without flash (of course) but also total black with the flash?? If the flash is supposed to provide light and freeze the wings, why use 8,000, F22, etc which allows for no ambient? The flash distance indicator blinks the absolute minimum under the first number of 1.7′. Only when I increase the ISO to 2,000 do I begin to get an 2 stop underexposed photo and a bit of discernable fill flash. The flash distance still shows the minimum. What am I missing?
    Also I’m interested in purchasing prints of ocean themed activities like surfing, hiking on the beach, mountain bike cycling, kayaking, etc. They would be used on the web to advertise rentals on the central coast. Feel free to call 559-907-3001. Thanks, Ken

    1. Hi Ken,
      Well, I won’t reply in depth because we just spent 20 minutes on the phone going over it in person. Let me know if the solutions we kicked around work and send me your results!

  5. Hi Jeff,
    Really great stuff.
    I just started photographing hummingbirds and came across your blog.
    Most of what you recommend, I had figured out but one thing that surprises me is that you’re shooting so close.
    You mention 30″ with the 105mm.

    And the part about the telephoto lens made me laugh because I’ve been trying to do it with my Sigma 150-600mm.
    (It’s at 150mm F5. The widest)
    I’m as close as I can get while still in focus (eight feet) but see now, that I can’t get the lighting right with only one speed light.
    Also, I’m up at iso 3200 which is kinda noisy.

    I guess my question is how long did the hummingbirds take to get used to three flashes going off? Especially the one which is only 2-1/2 feet away!
    Do you find you’re only able to get one shot then have to wait?
    Since mine is 8ft away, it doesn’t seem to bother them but curious as to how the birds are handling all that pop! In their face as such a close range?
    Any advice appreciated!
    Great shots!

    1. Hi, Glad you are enjoying photographing these little guys…they are quite amazing and beautiful. The hummers got used to the flashes pretty quickly. It would startle them, they would back up, hover a second or two and then zoom back for the food. So the bottom line their hunger quickly overcomes any issue they have with the flashes. I often get five or ten shots per bird when it feeds. Hopefully you will have the same experience!

  6. Thank you for your thorough and very understandable post. I am curious on your thoughts about my current equipment. I only have a 60mm macro lens, and two Nikon wireless remote SB-R200 speedlights. I assume that this can get me started, but would there be any special considerations that you could think of? Thank you.

    1. I’m glad you found my article helpful. I think your equipment will be to get you get started. It might be a challenge to get the 60mm close enough to fill your frame with the hummers, but I think it can be done. I can’t think of any special considerations…just do like I did…get started and figure it out as you go along. That’s half the fun!

  7. thanks for sharing, I bought the feeder a few days ago hoping to get some pics from my tripod, reading your article, I have a number of adjustments and need for additional equipment, I wanted to share my settings on my Nikon 5600 with you, faster the shutter speed the lower the light, added my Godox external flash causing my shutter speed to drop from 1/1000 to 200. ??, also recently with fireworks photography I focused on a location spot, depressed my shutter half way using my remote shutter release, changed auto focus on 70-200 lens to manual focus and depressed shutter all the way, this was of course night time photography, pictures turned out clear and ok., do these same steps apply to shooting humming birds in i daytime?? , would appreciate a better understanding on these two concerns, 1: Godox Flash – TT685 N – will I be to use a setting allowing me to use a fast shutter ( 1/1000 or higher ) and settings on my camera in manual mode. Look forward to your response.


  8. Jeff, awesome photos, what do you put on top of pcv pipe to hold the feeder?


    1. Hi Paul,
      I actually secure the PVC pipe from the bottom. I just strap it to a tripod.

  9. Thank you very much for such a brilliantly written article!

    1. After seeing your photography Im going to throw away my camera. Stunning

      1. Thanks for one of the nicer compliments I’ve ever received! But keep the camera, practice has a surprising ability to make us all better.

  10. Thank you so much for your generosity in sharing this comprehensive guide! I’ve learnt so much from you and have a much better insight into what it takes to photograph these amazing creatures.
    All my best,
    Billy Chan
    (Yilan, Taiwan).

  11. Hi Jeff,

    Thank you very much for sharing the awesome hummingbird pictures, and the detail instructions are extremely helpful. I was able to set up camera/flashes as you recommended and got a few reasonable shots. But there are still a lot of room to improve. May I have a few more questions here?
    1) It’s very smart to set up the feeder with flowers. But how could you fix a feeder on a “PVC” (Diagram 3)? Any connecting parts I need? And how to connect them? It would be great if you can provide the link of the stuff you used.
    2) Some of your pictures have brilliant, beautiful color of red throat. Is there any good angle to catch that color?

    Thank you very much.


    1. Hi Maggie,
      I’m glad you found my article helpful and hope you are enjoying your hummer photos! I’m more than happy to answer your questions:
      1) How you connect your feeder to PVC depends on which type of feeder you have. The one I use is the Aspects 153 Mini Hummzinger Hummingbird Feeder, 8-Ounce. This feeder has a round depression on the bottom and I just added a bolt and washer to the end of a PVC pipe that ‘matches’ the depression in the feeder.
      2) Capturing that red throat is tricky. I can tell you that using a flash is critical. Even so, only about 1 in 5 of my shots manage to capture those iridescent red throat feathers. Of course, you can work in photoshop to ‘coax’ those feathers to a more saturated hue even if your camera didn’t capture it ‘right out of the box.’ Just ‘cut out’ the throat area and put it on a separate photoshop layer and then work with hue, saturation and exposure to make those feathers pop.
      Let me know if you have any more questions!

  12. Thank you for all the the wonderful information in your blog. I have put it into practice and am extremely pleased with the results.

    1. Hi Susan,
      I’m happy that my hummer tips were helpful!

  13. I want to set in my office and wait for the Hummer to come by and Snap the photo with my Nikon D90 Remote sitting prefocused and on it’s tripod – Simple right? Problem is I cannot figure out how to tell the camera to stay on remote – It wants to return to Single exposure if nothing is taken in 60 seconds or 2 min or 15 min.

    How do I tell the camera to stay remote until I want you to be Single shot again? Sorry for being so dense LOL

    1. Hi Jay,
      To be honest, I’ve never had that same issue, but I’m guessing that the remote you are using might be the problem. What is the brand and model number of your remote?

      1. My remote is a Rock Fish RF-RSCWLN12. Let’s say I have the image set up and am waiting for the Hummer to come back. The Max I can time I can use the remote is 15min then it defaults to single exposure. The manual says this will happen. The manual does not give the option to leave on remote indefinitely. I was hoping there might be a work around someone had found. Otherwise, I go over and reset every 15 min waiting for the hummers to show. I have just 3 that visit my feeders.

        1. Hi Jay,
          Well, I guess having to reset the remote every 15 minutes isn’t too bad. If it gets frustrating you might want to get a different remote that doesn’t have that limitation. I use a SMDV RFN-4s on my D800, but I don’t think it would work with your D90. However, SMDV does make a model that should work, the RFN-4. You can get them on Amazon for about $60…not cheap, but they are great units.
          PS: I’m jealous that you have 3 hummers…I usually only get a single bird every season, and it chases off all the other ones!

  14. Jeff, I absolutely loved your post. However, I’m struggling with understanding what my setup would be. I shoot Canon 60D with a 430EX II and (2) YN560-II flashes. I’m not clear on how to get my setting to approximate yours. Any suggestions would be appreciated.


    1. Hi Bill,
      Sorry for not responding sooner…I was on a shoot out of state and just got back home last night. Here are some suggestions:

      1) The first thing you need to do is set up your camera for High Speed Flash. This will allow you to take flash photos at high shutter speeds. All my equipment is Nikon, so I’m not an expert on how to set up High Speed Flash on a Canon, but I found the following link that is Canon Specific that should help you out:

      2) Your primary flash will be the ‘Master’ and when it goes off, it will trigger your other flashes. Again, I’m a Nikon guy, so my knowledge of Canon equipment is a bit skimpy, but I believe that not all flash units can be used as a master for Canon systems. You will need to check if the one you have can serve as a master, if not, then you would need to buy one that could. The following link has a lot of detailed info on Canon’s Master/Slave system:

      3) Shoot in Manual. That way you can increase your shutter speed but also adjust your aperture so your depth of field is wide enough to have the whole hummer in focus. The resulting shots might be dark, but if you are shooting in RAW, you will be able to adjust the exposure when you process the photos in photoshop.

      4) One last suggestion. If you have the funds to buy a new lens, consider purchasing a Macro/Micro lens. I use the Nikon 105mm f/2.8 Micro and it does an incredible job on hummers because it is able to focus at objects VERY close to the lens (and it is very sharp and fast as well). This allows me to set my camera up less than two feet from my feed and get shots in which the hummer fills up most of the photo. Canon makes an excellent 100mm Macro that you might consider (see attached link:

      Hopefully, these suggestions will get you well on your way to making even better hummer shots. Good luck and let me know if you have any more questions!:

  15. Hi, I am looking at 3 different cameras for photographing hummingbirds at my feeders: Canon 70D, Nikon D5300 or D7100. Which is best for hummingbirds?

    1. Hi Crystal,
      The 70D and D7100 are both great cameras that outclass the D5300. The differences between the 70D and D7100 are slight and if you already have lenses by Canon or Nikon, then I’d buy the camera made by the same company that made your lenses. Looking at Amazon, these two cameras are about $1,000, but I see that they have the Nikon D600 for about $1600 (the D600 has been replaced by the D610 and Amazon is selling off their old stock). If you could swing the extra money, the D600 is a FAR superior camera to either the 70D or the D7100.
      Perhaps even more important than the camera will be your choice of a lens. Personally I prefer the Nikon 105mm f/2.8G ED-IF AF-S VR Micro. You can pick them up used for about $400 used or about twice that new.
      Good luck with your decision and if you have any other questions, just let me know!

  16. Awesome pictures, I have read about 5 different hummingbird photography tutorials recently and your pictures are easily the best. I have a very active feeder at home with between 12 and 20 hummers feeding in the morning and evening, I take hundreds of pics almost daily but I struggle with the settings the entire time. I have a question – when you say that you underexpose the photos, how underexposed are you talking about? It would be very helpful to see some unedited images, I suspect that I am not recognizing what will be correctable later, and I end up setting the f/stop lower than I should, or the ISO too high, or the shutter, iso, f/stop, and flash levels are probably all wrong…

    1. Hi Brian,
      I’ll send you a raw and a processed photo to your email address later today. Basically, your settings will depend on:
      1) What f/stop setting you have to set to get a depth of field of about 2″ or 3″ with your lens (so all the hummer is in focus). and
      2) How fast of a shutter speed you want. 1/8000th will almost freeze the wings, while 1/1000th will show wing blur, but many folks like the look.
      Set your camera on Manual and then set the aperture and shutter speed. Set up your flashes so they go off when you take a shot. Then take a trial photo. The resulting photo will likely be very dark because of the fast shutter speed, small f/stop and low output from the flashed (due to the fast shutter speed). Then you take the raw photo and increase the exposure in Photoshop. If you max out the exposure in photoshop but the photo is still too dark, then you will need to reduce the shutter speed and/or, widen your aperture, and/or use a ‘faster lens.’
      Take a look at the photos I sent you and just let me know if you have any questions!
      Good luck with your hummer shots!

  17. Jeff – really appreciate your wisdom, experience and willingness to share this amount of detail! We have several hummers hitting the feeders and while I’ve gotten ‘close’ with my camo and a fast lens, your article here is a game changer. I’ve ordered a couple of inexpensive flash units off Amazon (Yongnuo Speedlights) so we’ll see what we can do! Man, those little birds are fast. 🙂 Again, much appreciated your work on such a great article.

    Shawnee, KS

    1. Hi Dave,
      I’m glad you found my article helpful. Yup, those little buggers are fast! Let me know how your shots turn out once you get the new flash units in.
      Good luck,

    2. Hi Jeff,

      Can you tell the brand name of your flash? I picked up a very low price one from Amazon. Unfortunately, if I set the flash on my Nikon camera as commander and “—“, the cheap flash doesn’t fire. But with on camera flash set to “M” or “TTL”, it fires.
      That means this remote flash limits my shutter speed to 320. Therefore, I need to look for another remote flash works for Nikon.
      I don’t want to use Nikon flash. They are simply too expensive.

      1. Hi Dave,
        I use old Nikon SB-600s. I pick them up used on eBay for about $40. They aren’t new or fancy, but they work great!

  18. Unbelievable pictures. I unfortunately do not have all the quipment necessary and at the moment have to be content with hand held shots and built in flash. One day I will have the necessary flashes to try your set up.

    1. Hi Anthony,
      Thanks for the compliments! I started out the same as you and over the years gradually added my equipment (much of it secondhand from eBay). Start out with a tripod and a wireless remote…those two components will help you get solid shots. Enjoy yourself…hummers are fascinating. Feel free to share your photos with me, I’d love to see them!

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